At Linacre, the intent of the PSHCE curriculum is to develop skills and attributes such as resilience, self-esteem, risk-management, team-working and critical thinking in the context of three core themes: health and wellbeing, relationships and living in the wider world (including economic wellbeing and aspects of careers education).
PSHCE lessons are taught weekly and learning is evidenced in PSHCE books. PSHCE is taught discretely in subject specific lessons and through the wider curriculum such as assemblies, SMSC activities, British values activities, extra-curricular activities, trips, visitors and enrichment activities as part of themed weeks. Themed weeks focus on aspects of PSHCE themes such as:
At Linacre, the intent of the RSE (Relationships and Sex Education) curriculum is to develop understanding about physical, moral and emotional development. We are not advocating one type of relationship or sexual orientation, we are acknowledging the world that we live in (which is our duty under the Equality Act 2010). RSE became statutory in September 2020. Parents have the right to request that their child be withdrawn from some or all of sex education, which is delivered as part of the statutory RSE curriculum.
Promoting the Fundamental British Values
Citizens of the UK are encouraged to
· respect and obey the law
· respect the rights of others, including their right to their own opinions
· treat others with fairness
· look after yourself and your family
· look after the area in which you live and the environment.
‘Keeping our children safe and ensuring schools prepare them for life in modern Britain could not be more important. The vast majority of schools already promote British values. This is about making sure we have the tools we need to intervene if children are being let down’ Department for Education (2014).
The government set out its definition of British values in the 2011 Prevent Strategy - values of:
· the rule of law
· individual liberty
· mutual respect
· tolerance of those of different faiths and beliefs.
In addition to these values the requirements of the Equalities Act (2010) must be adhered to. At Linacre Nursery & Primary School we actively promote these through our school rules – ‘Look after yourself, Look after each other, Look after our school’. We will challenge children, staff or parents/carers expressing opinions contrary to fundamental British values. These values are reinforced regularly in our school’s GOLDEN VALUES, in our rules as outlined above and our school aspiration Success for All.
We break this down into the following ways:
Democracy: Democracy is strong within our school. Children have the opportunity to have their voices heard through our ‘School Council’, through the use of ‘Votes for Schools’ and through our ‘pupil questionnaires’. The elections of school councillors are based solely on children’s votes. In Assembly, class and School Council time - children have the opportunity to discuss issues.
The Rule of Law: The importance of laws (laws that govern the class, the school, or the country), is consistently reinforced in class, assembly, as well as when dealing with behaviour. Children are taught the value and reasons behind laws (that they govern and protect us), the responsibilities that this involves and the consequences when laws are broken. Every class will revisit the School Rules where expectations are reinforced and discussed. Children sign the ‘School Rules Charter’ which states quite clearly what the expectations of behaviour are.
Individual Liberty: Within school, children are actively encouraged to make choices, knowing that they are in a safe and supportive environment. Our role as a school is to educate and provide boundaries for young children to make choices safely. Children are encouraged to know, understand and exercise their rights and personal freedoms and advised how to exercise these safely, for example through debate and discussion across a range of subjects and in PSHE lessons.
Mutual Respect: Children discuss out ‘Golden Values’ regularly. ‘Respect’ underpins the adult/child interactions in school, and dialogue with children plus reflective conversations, support children to see the importance of ‘respect’. The children take part in discussions and assemblies related to what this means and how it is shown. Several rewards and awards are linked to the golden values: star of the week; positive texts sent home; citizen of the week. We work on ‘respect’ during Anti-Bullying Week’.
Tolerance of those of Different Faiths and Beliefs: This is achieved through enhancing children’s understanding of their place in a culturally diverse society and by giving them opportunities to experience such diversity. Assemblies and discussions involving prejudices and prejudice-based bullying have been followed using Votes for Schools. We follow Sefton’s agreed syllabus for RE which ensures the children know about different faiths and beliefs. Our school leadership team including all Governors emphatically reinforce the view that extremism will not form part of the curriculum or teaching and that the PSHE curriculum will encourage the children to respect other people and no child will be discriminated against contrary to the Equality Act 2010. In the Induction process, all visitors, volunteers and new members of staff will be informed that any extremism will be treated as a safeguarding issue.
The spiritual, moral, social and cultural curriculum (SMSC) is a strength in our school and it promotes the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance for those with different faiths and beliefs, and it encourages children to respect other people, with particular regard to the protected characteristics set out in the Equality Act 2010 of age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation. The welfare, health and safety of our children are paramount and underpin everything we do.
At Linacre, we promote the fundamental British values throughout our curriculum and in particular our Personal, Social, Health and Citizenship programme and termly focus weeks.
Examples of how each year group promote these values and prepare our pupils for life in modern Britain can be seen in the curriculum plans published on our website. The following is a brief overview:
In the Early Years we learn about our local community and environment through topics such as ourselves. We actively encourage the children to listen to each other, take turns and treat each other with respect and to value the differences we all have. We do this as an integral part of our continuous provision and particularly through our choice of stories, circle time activities and our adherence to the school rules.
In Key Stage 1 we learn to value ourselves and others. We learn about the importance of respect and valuing our environment and our world. We encourage the children to understand the importance of looking after each other, through focus weeks on anti-bullying and PSHE lessons. We promote our feeling of belonging by nurturing an understanding of the importance of always respecting the rights of everyone in our school and beyond.
In KS2 we explore our differences through our geography and history topics alongside our RE topics, where we look at different faiths. We encourage our children to value and respect each other and their environment by promoting our school values and having high expectations as part of our daily life. This provides a firm basis for our children’s futures as good citizens, able to make a valuable contribution to society.